Sizing and Serving Texas Urban Gaps

Full-Text PDF


J.C. Arndt, A.S. Edrington, S.M. Sandidge, A. Valencia, J. Jordan

Publication Date:

April 2011


Federal and state funding is largely distributed based upon federally defined geographic areas--urbanized areas or rural areas (non-urbanized areas). For urban transit districts, the funding is based upon characteristics of the entire urbanized area. However, the service area boundary for transit providers in urbanized areas often does not match the urbanized area boundary, leaving a portion of the urbanized area without a designated transit provider. The unserved area is referred to as an urban gap. This research estimates the magnitude and characteristics of urban gaps in all urbanized areas in Texas based upon both the 2000 Census and a projection of the 2010 Census. The research then presents case studies on a variety of approaches that are being used in Texas to fund and operate transit service to urban gap populations.

Report Number:



Public Transportation, Transit, Funding

Electronic Link(s):


Publication/Product Request

TTI reports and products are available for download at no charge. If an electronic version is not available and no instructions on how to obtain it are given, contact Publication Services at